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Important note!

Comparisons to the results from previous years should be based on a country's score, not its rank. A country's rank can change simply because new countries enter the index and others drop out. A higher score is an indicator that respondents provided better ratings, while a lower score suggests that respondents revised their perception downwards. However, year-to-year shifts in a country's score can result not only from a changing perception of a country's performance but also from a changing sample and methodology. With differing respondents and slightly differing methodologies, a change in a country's score may also relate to the fact that different viewpoints have been collected and different questions been asked.

Country 2008 score 2007 Score 2006 score 2005 score 2004 score 2003 score 2002 score 2001 score 2000 score 1999 score 1998 score 1997 score 1996 score Score 1988-1992 Score 1980-1985 Country
Afghanistan 1.5 1.8 2.5 Afghanistan
Albania 3.4 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.3 Albania
Algeria 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.6 Algeria
Angola 1.9 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.7 Angola
Argentina 2.9 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.81 3.41 5.91 4.94 Argentina
Armenia 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.5 Armenia
Australia 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.86 8.6 8.2 8.41 Australia
Austria 8.1 8.1 8.6 8.7 8.4 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.61 7.59 7.14 7.35 Austria
Azerbaijan 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.2 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.7 Azerbaijan
Bahrain 5.4 5.0 5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1 Bahrain
Bangladesh 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.2 0.4 2.29 0.78 Bangladesh
Barbados 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.9 7.3 Barbados
Belarus 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.6 3.3 4.2 4.8 4.1 3.4 3.9 Belarus
Belgium 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.1 6.6 6.1 5.3 5.4 5.25 6.84 7.4 8.28 Belgium
Belize 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.7 3.8 4.5 Belize
Benin 3.1 2.7 2.5 2.9 3.2 Benin
Bhutan 5.2 5.0 6.0 Bhutan
Bolivia 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.05 3.4 1.34 0.67 Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3.2 3.3 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.3 Bosnia and Herzegovina
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Botswana 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.1 Botswana
Brazil 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.56 2.96 3.51 4.67 Brazil
Bulgaria 3.6 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.5 3.3 2.9 Bulgaria
Burkina Faso 3.5 2.9 3.2 3.4 3.0 Burkina Faso
Burundi 1.9 2.5 2.4 2.3 Burundi
Cambodia 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.3 Cambodia
Cameroon 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.4 2.46 3.43 4.59 Cameroon
Canada 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.4 8.5 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.1 8.96 8.97 8.41 Canada
Cape Verde 5.1 4.9 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 2.0 2.0 2.4 Central African Republic
Chad 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.7 Chad
Chile 6.9 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.9 6.8 6.05 6.8 5.51 6.53 Chile
China 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1 3.4 3.5 2.88 2.43 4.73 5.13 China
Colombia 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.2 2.9 2.2 2.23 2.73 2.71 3.27 Colombia
Comoros 2.5 2.6 Comoros
Congo. Democratic Republic 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 Congo. Democratic Republic
Congo. Republic 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 Congo. Republic
Costa Rica 5.1 5.0 4.1 4.2 4.9 4.3 4.5 4.5 5.4 5.1 5.6 6.45 Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.7 2.6 3.1 Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia 4.4 4.1 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 2.7 Croatia
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Cuba 4.3 4.2 3.5 3.8 3.7 4.6 Cuba
Cyprus 6.4 5.3 5.6 5.7 5.4 6.1 Cyprus
Czech Republic 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.8 5.2 5.37 5.2 5.13 Czech Republic
Denmark 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.0 9.94 9.33 8.88 8.01 Denmark
Djibouti 3.0 2.9 Djibouti
Dominica 6.0 5.6 4.5 Dominica
Dominican Republic 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.1 Dominican Republic
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.3 3.19 3.27 4.54 Ecuador
Egypt 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.3 2.9 2.84 1.75 1.12 Egypt
El Salvador 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.4 3.6 4.1 3.9 3.6 El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea 1.7 1.9 2.1 1.9 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.6 Eritrea
Estonia 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.7 Estonia
Ethiopia 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.5 3.5 3.2 Ethiopia
Fiji 4.0 Fiji
Finland 9.0 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.7 9.7 9.7 9.9 10.0 9.8 9.6 9.48 9.05 8.88 8.14 Finland
France 6.9 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.1 6.9 6.3 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.66 6.96 7.45 8.41 France
Gabon 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.9 3.3 Gabon
Gambia 3.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.5 Gambia
Georgia 1.9 3.4 2.8 2.3 2.0 1.8 2.4 2.3 Georgia
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Germany 3.9 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.2 7.7 7.3 7.4 7.6 8.0 7.9 8.23 8.27 8.13 8.14 Germany
Ghana 7.9 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 Ghana
Greece 3.9 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.35 5.01 5.05 4.2 Greece
Grenada 4.7 3.4 3.5 Grenada
Guatemala 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.9 3.2 3.1 Guatemala
Guinea 1.6 1.9 1.9 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 1.9 2.2 Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 Guyana
Haiti 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 2.2 Haiti
Honduras 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.7 1.8 1.7 Honduras
Hong Kong 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.0 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.28 7.01 6.87 7.35 Hong Kong
Hungary 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.18 4.86 5.22 1.63 Hungary
Iceland 8.9 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.2 9.1 9.2 9.3 Iceland
India 3.4 3.5 3.3 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.75 2.63 2.89 3.67 India
Indonesia 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.72 2.65 0.57 0.2 Indonesia
Iran 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0 Iran
Iraq 1.3 1.5 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.2 Iraq
Ireland 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.5 6.9 7.5 7.2 7.7 8.2 8.28 8.45 7.68 8.28 Ireland
Israel 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.4 7.0 7.3 7.6 6.6 6.8 7.1 7.97 7.71 7.44 7.27 Israel
Italy 4.8 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 5.03 3.42 4.3 4.86 Italy
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985
Jamaica 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8 Jamaica
Japan 7.3 7.5 7.6 7.3 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 6.4 6.0 5.8 6.57 7.05 7.25 7.75 Japan
Jordan 5.1 4.7 5.3 5.7 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.89 5.51 5.3 Jordan
Kazakhstan 2.2 2.1 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.7 3.0 2.3 Kazakhstan
Kenya 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.21 1.6 3.27 Kenya
Kiribati 3.1 3.3 Kiribati
Kuwait 4.3 4.3 4.8 4.7 4.6 5.3 Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 Kyrgyzstan
Laos 2.0 1.9 2.6 3.3 Laos
Latvia 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.4 2.7 Latvia
Lebanon 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.1 2.7 3.0 Lebanon
Lesotho 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.4 Lesotho
Liberia 2.4 2.1 2.2 Liberia
Libya 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.1 Libya
Lithuania 4.6 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.8 4.1 3.8 Lithuania
Luxembourg 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.7 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.8 8.7 8.61 Luxembourg
Macao 5.4 5.7 6.6 Macao
Macedonia 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 3.3 Macedonia
Madagascar 3.4 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.1 2.6 1.7 Madagascar
Malawi 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 Malawi
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985
Malaysia 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.2 4.9 5.0 4.8 5.1 5.3 5.01 5.32 5.1 6.29 Malaysia
Maldives 2.8 3.3 Maldives
Mali 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.0 Mali
Malta 5.8 5.8 6.4 6.6 6.8 Malta
Mauritania 2.8 2.6 3.1 Mauritania
Mauritius 5.5 4.7 5.1 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.9 5.0 Mauritius
Mexico 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.4 3.3 2.66 3.3 2.23 1.87 Mexico
Moldova 2.9 2.8 3.2 2.9 2.3 2.4 2.1 3.1 2.6 2.6 Moldova
Mongolia 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.0 3.0 4.3 Mongolia
Montenegro 3.4 3.3 Montenegro
Morocco 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.7 4.7 4.1 3.7 Morocco
Mozambique 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.2 3.5 Mozambique
Myanmar 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6 Myanmar
Namibia 4.5 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.7 5.7 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.3 Namibia
Nepal 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.8 Nepal
Netherlands 8.9 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.0 9.03 8.71 9.03 8.41 Netherlands
New Zealand 9.3 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.23 9.43 9.3 8.41 New Zealand
Nicaragua 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 3.1 3.0 Nicaragua
Niger 2.8 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.2 Niger
Nigeria 2.7 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.9 1.76 0.69 0.63 0.99 Nigeria
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Norway 7.9 8.7 8.8 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.6 9.1 8.9 9.0 8.92 8.87 8.69 8.41 Norway
Oman 5.5 4.7 5.4 6.3 6.1 6.3 Oman
Pakistan 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.7 2.53 1 1.9 1.52 Pakistan
Palestine 3.4 2.6 2.5 3.0 Palestine
Panama 2.0 3.2 3.1 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.0 3.7 Panama
Papua New Guinea 2.4 2.0 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.1 Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 3.6 2.4 2.6 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.5 Paraguay
Peru 2.3 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.7 4.0 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.5 Peru
Philippines 4.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.8 3.6 3.3 3.05 2.69 1.96 1.04 Philippines
Poland 6.1 4.2 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.6 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.6 5.08 5.57 5.2 3.64 Poland
Portugal 5.8 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.7 6.5 6.97 6.53 5.5 4.46 Portugal
Qatar 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.2 5.6 Qatar
Romania 3.8 3.7 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.44 Romania
Russia 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.27 2.58 3.27 5.13 Russia
Rwanda 3.0 2.8 2.5 3.1 Rwanda
Saint Lucia 7.1 6.8 Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6.5 6.1 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa 4.4 4.5 Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe 2.7 2.7 Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 4.5 Saudi Arabia
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Senegal 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.5 3.4 3.3 Senegal
Serbia 3.4 3.4 3.0 Serbia
Serbia and Montenegro 2.8 2.7 2.3 Serbia and Montenegro
Seychelles 4.8 4.5 3.6 4.0 4.4 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.2 Sierra Leone
Singapore 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.4 9.3 9.4 9.3 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.66 8.8 9.16 8.41 Singapore
Slovakia 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.3 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.9 Slovakia
Slovenia 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.2 5.5 6.0 Slovenia
Solomon Islands 2.9 2.8 Solomon Islands
Somalia 1.0 1.4 2.1 Somalia
South Africa 4.9 5.1 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.95 5.68 7 7.35 South Africa
South Korea 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.0 3.8 4.2 4.29 5.02 3.5 3.93 South Korea
Spain 6.5 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.1 5.9 4.31 5.06 6.82 Spain
Sri Lanka 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.7 Sri Lanka
Sudan 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Sudan
Suriname 3.6 3.5 3.0 3.2 4.3 Suriname
Swaziland 3.6 3.3 2.5 2.7 Swaziland
Sweden 9.3 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.2 9.3 9.3 9.0 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.35 9.08 8.71 8.01 Sweden
Switzerland 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8 8.5 8.4 8.6 8.9 8.9 8.61 8.76 9 8.41 Switzerland
Syria 2.1 2.4 2.9 3.4 3.4 3.4 Syria
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Taiwan 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.02 4.98 5.14 5.95 Taiwan
Tajikistan 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.8 Tajikistan
Tanzania 3.0 3.2 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.5 1.9 1.9 Tanzania
Thailand 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.06 3.33 1.85 2.42 Thailand
Timor-Leste 2.2 2.6 2.6 Timor-Leste
Togo 2.7 2.3 2.4 Togo
Tonga 2.4 1.7 Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.8 4.2 4.6 4.9 5.3 Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8 5.3 5.2 5.0 5.0 Tunisia
Turkey 4.6 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.6 3.8 3.6 3.4 3.21 3.54 4.05 4.06 Turkey
Turkmenistan 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.0 Turkmenistan
Uganda 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.6 2.71 3.27 0.67 Uganda
Ukraine 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 1.5 2.6 2.8 Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.2 United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 7.7 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.22 8.44 8.26 8.01 United Kingdom
Uruguay 6.9 6.7 6.4 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.3 4.14 Uruguay
USA 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.5 7.5 7.61 7.66 7.76 8.41 USA
Uzbekistan 1.8 1.7 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.9 2.7 2.4 1.8 Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 2.9 3.1 Vanuatu
Venezuela 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.77 2.5 2.5 3.19 Venezuela
Country2008 Score2007 Score2006 score2005 score2004 score2003 score2002 score2001 score2000 score1999 score1998 score1997 score1996 scoreScore 1988-1992Score 1980-1985 Country
Vietnam 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.79 Vietnam
Yugoslavia 1.3 2.0 3.0 Yugoslavia
Yemen 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.6 Yemen
Zambia 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.6 3.4 3.5 3.5 Zambia
Zimbabwe 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.0 4.1 4.2 Zimbabwe