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Survey sources for the TI Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2008

Number 1 2 3
Source Asian Development Bank African Development Bank Bertelsmann Foundation
Abbreviation ADB AFDB BTI
Name Country Performance Assessment Ratings Country Policy and Institutional Assessments Bertelsmann Transformation Index
Year 2007/2008 2007/2008 2007/2008
Who was surveyed? Country teams, experts inside and outside the bank Country teams, experts inside and outside the bank Network of local correspondents and experts inside and outside the organization
Subject asked Corruption, conflicts of interest, diversion of funds as well as anti-corruption efforts and achievements Corruption, conflicts of interest, diversion of funds as well as anti-corruption efforts and achievements The government's capacity to punish and contain corruption
Number of replies Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Coverage 29 countries (eligible for ADF funding) 52 countries 125 les developed and transition countries
Number 4 5 6
Source World Bank (IDA and IBRD) Economist Intelligence Unit Freedom House
Abbreviation WB (IDA and IBRD) EIU FH
Name Country Policy and Institutional Assessment Country Risk Service and Country Forecast Nations in Transit
Year 2007/2008 2008 2008
Who was surveyed? Country teams, experts inside and outside the bank Expert staff assessment Assessment by experts originating or resident in the respective country.
Subject asked Corruption, conflicts of interest, diversion of funds as well as anti-corruption efforts and achievements The misuse of public office for private (or political party) gain Extent of corruption as practiced in governments, as perceived by the public and as reported in the media as well as the implementation of anticorruption initiatives.
Number of replies Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Coverage 75 countries (eligible for IDA funding) 170 countries 29 countries/territories
Number 7 8 9
Source Global Insight IMD International, Switzerland, World Competitiveness Center
Abbreviation GI IMD
Name Country Risk Ratings IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook
Year 2008 2007 2008
Who was surveyed? Expert staff assessment Executives in top and middle management; domestic and international companies
Subject asked The likelihood of encountering corrupt officials, ranging from petty bureaucratic corruption to grand political corruption Bribing and corruption exist/do not exist
Number of replies Not applicable More than 4000
Coverage 203 countries 55 countries 55 countries
Number 10 11 12
Source Merchant International Group Political & Economic Risk Consultancy
Abbreviation MIG PERC
Name Grey Area Dynamics Asian Intelligence Newsletter
Year 2007 2007 2008
Who was surveyed? Expert staff and network of local correspondents Expatriate business executives
Subject asked Corruption, ranging from bribery of government ministers to inducements payable to the "humblest clerk" How serious do you consider the problem of corruption to be in the public sector?
Number of replies Not applicable 1476 1400
Coverage 155 countries 15 countries 15 countries
Number 13
Source World Economic Forum
Abbreviation WEF
Name Global Competitiveness Report
Year 2007/2008
Who was surveyed? Senior business leaders; domestic and international companies
Subject asked Undocumented extra payments or bribes connected with 1) exports and imports, 2) public utilities, 3) tax collection, 4) public contracts and 5) judicial decisions are common/never occur
Number of replies 11,406
Coverage 131 countries