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Survey sources for the TI Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2006

Number 1 2 3
Source World Bank (IDA and IBRD) Economist Intelligence Unit Nations in Transit
Abbreviation CPIA EIU FH
Name Country Policy and Institutional Assessment Country Risk Service and Country Forecast Nations in Transit
Year 2005 2006 2006
Who was surveyed? Country teams, experts inside and outside the bank Expert staff assessment Assessment by experts originating or resident in the respective country.
Subject asked Corruption, conflicts of interest, diversion of funds as well as anti-corruption efforts and achievements The misuse of public office for private (or political party) gain Extent of corruption as practiced in governments, as perceived by the public and as reported in the media as well as the implementation of anticorruption initiatives.
Number of replies Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Coverage 76 countries (eligible for IDA funding) 157 countries 29 countries
Number 4 5 6
Source Institute for Management Development, Lausanne, Switzerland Merchant International Group
Abbreviation IMD MIG
Name World Competitiveness Yearbook Grey Area Dynamics
Year 2005 2006 2006
Who was surveyed? Executives in top and middle management; domestic and international companies Expert staff and network of local correspondents
Subject asked Bribing and corruption exist in the economy Corruption, ranging from bribery of government ministers to inducements payable to the 'humblest clerk'
Number of replies more than 4000 Not applicable
Coverage 51 countries 155 countries
Number 7 8 9
Source Political & Economic Risk Consultancy United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
Abbreviation PERC UNECA
Name Asian Intelligence Newsletter Africa Governance Report
Year 2005 2006 2005
Who was surveyed? Expatriate business executives National expert survey (between 70 and 120 in each country)
Subject asked How bad do you consider the problem of corruption to be in the country in which you are working as well as in your home country? "Corruption Control". This includes aspects related to corruption in the legislature, judiciary, and at the executive level, as well as in tax collection. Aspects of access to justice and government services are also involved
Number of replies more than 1000 Roughly 2800
Coverage 12 countries 14 countries 28 countries
Number 10 11 12
Source World Economic Forum World Markets Research Centre
Abbreviation WEF WMRC
Name Global Competitiveness Report Risk Ratings
Year 2005/06 2006/07 2006
Who was surveyed? Senior business leaders; domestic and international companies Expert staff assessment
Subject asked Undocumented extra payments or bribes connected with various government functions The likelihood of encountering corrupt officials, ranging from petty bureaucratic corruption to grand political corruption
Number of replies 10,993 ca. 11,000 Not applicable
Coverage 117 countries 125 countries 186 countries